Careers sorted by
Different careers need different amounts of preparation. Each O*NET career is in one of five Job Zones, which are groups of careers that need the same level of experience, education, and training.
- Little or no preparation needed
- Some preparation needed
- Medium preparation needed
- High preparation needed
- Extensive preparation needed
Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed
Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.
Employees in these careers need from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker can show you how to do the job.
Some of these careers may need a high school diploma or GED certificate.
Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, it would help a teller to have experience working with the public.
Employees in these careers need from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. An apprenticeship program may be available for these careers.
These careers usually need a high school diploma.
Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, an electrician must be in an apprenticeship for three to four years or have several years of job training. You may need to pass a test to get a license to do the job.
Employees in these careers need one or two years of training. Both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers may be needed. An apprenticeship program may be a good choice for these careers.
Most of these careers need vocational school training, on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Job Zone Four: High Preparation Needed
Long term work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these careers. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work several years in the field to be qualified for the job.
Employees in these careers need several years of work-related experience and training. Both on-the-job and classroom job training may be needed.
Most of these careers need a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these careers. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Employees may need some on-the-job training. However, the person will usually have the needed skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and training before starting the job.
Most of these careers need a graduate school education. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).