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Also called: Agent-Based Modeler, Lead Simulation Modeling Engineer, Research Scientist, Scientist

Where in the Coast Guard? In the Coast Guard: CWO - Information Warfare Technician; LDO - Information Warfare; LDO - Meteorology/Oceanography; RL - Special Duty Officer (Oceanography); RL - Special Duty Officer - Information Warfare Officer

What they do:
Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.
On the job, you would:
  • Develop computational methods for solving problems that occur in areas of science and engineering or that come from applications in business or industry.
  • Apply mathematical theories and techniques to the solution of practical problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields.
  • Develop mathematical or statistical models of phenomena to be used for analysis or for computational simulation.


Math and Science
  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
  • physics
Engineering and Technology
  • computers and electronics
  • product and service development
Arts and Humanities
  • English language


Basic Skills
  • using math to solve problems
  • reading work related information
Problem Solving
  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
  • figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it
  • thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one


  • choose the right type of math to solve a problem
  • add, subtract, multiply, or divide
Ideas and Logic
  • use rules to solve problems
  • make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
  • read and understand what is written
  • listen and understand what people say


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Attention to Detail
  • Innovation
  • Achievement/Effort
  • Integrity
  • Persistence


You might use software like this on the job:

Analytical or scientific software
  • SAS software
  • Symmetrica
Object or component oriented development software
  • C++
  • Python
Development environment software
  • C
  • Formula translation/translator FORTRAN


Education: (rated 5 of 5)
master's degree or
doctoral degree
usually needed

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See more details at O*NET OnLine about mathematicians.