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Also called: Health Physicist, Physicist, Research Scientist, Scientist

Where in the Coast Guard? In the Coast Guard: Engineering Physics

What they do:
Conduct research into physical phenomena, develop theories on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply physical laws and theories.
On the job, you would:
  • Perform complex calculations as part of the analysis and evaluation of data, using computers.
  • Describe and express observations and conclusions in mathematical terms.
  • Analyze data from research conducted to detect and measure physical phenomena.


Math and Science
  • physics
  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
Arts and Humanities
  • English language
Engineering and Technology
  • product and service development
  • computers and electronics


Basic Skills
  • using scientific rules and strategies to solve problems
  • using math to solve problems
Problem Solving
  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
  • thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
  • figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it


  • choose the right type of math to solve a problem
  • add, subtract, multiply, or divide
  • listen and understand what people say
  • read and understand what is written
Ideas and Logic
  • make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
  • create new and original ideas
Visual Understanding
  • quickly know what you are looking at


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
  • Attention to Detail
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Initiative
  • Persistence
  • Integrity
  • Adaptability/Flexibility


You might use software like this on the job:

Analytical or scientific software
  • CERN Physics Analysis Workstation PAW
  • Spectral Dynamics STAR
Development environment software
  • C
  • Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
Graphics or photo imaging software
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Xfig


Education: (rated 5 of 5)
post-doctoral training or
doctoral degree
usually needed

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Job Outlook

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See more details at O*NET OnLine about physicists.