As persistently as computer hackers work to infiltrate secure networks, information security analysts work that much harder to keep prying eyes out. Information security analysts design and implement security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems. Their creativity and innovation continually expand as the number and complexity of cyberattacks increases. In this field, it’s essential to keep up with new technology and preventive methods. Information security analysts install and operate firewalls, data encryption programs, and other software, monitor their organization for security breaches, and even simulate attacks to look for vulnerabilities in their system. Their work is the opposite of hacking— and security analysts need to know how to break a system’s defenses… just as well as they know how to build them. Information security analysts work for computer companies, consulting firms, or business and financial companies. Most work standard full-time hours but may need to be on call in case of an emergency. Information security analysts typically need at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, programming, or a related field, though some employers prefer applicants with a Master’s of Business Administration in Information Systems. As the field of information security quickly evolves, new specialized education and training programs are emerging, but having an ingenious streak will continue to be a vital quality for these professionals.
What they do:
Plan, implement, upgrade, or monitor security measures for the protection of computer networks and information. May ensure appropriate security controls are in place that will safeguard digital files and vital electronic infrastructure. May respond to computer security breaches and viruses.
On the job, you would:
Develop plans to safeguard computer files against accidental or unauthorized modification, destruction, or disclosure and to meet emergency data processing needs.
Monitor current reports of computer viruses to determine when to update virus protection systems.
Encrypt data transmissions and erect firewalls to conceal confidential information as it is being transmitted and to keep out tainted digital transfers.
Engineering and Technology
computers and electronics
product and service development
Arts and Humanities
reading work related information
thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem
noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it
thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
listen and understand what people say
read and understand what is written
Ideas and Logic
make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
notice when problems happen
see hidden patterns
quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things
People interested in this work like activities that include data, detail, and regular routines.
They do well at jobs that need:
Attention to Detail
You might use software like this on the job:
Transaction security and virus protection software
Network monitoring software
Web platform development software
Hypertext markup language HTML
bachelor's degree or certificate after college usually needed
Examples of Registered Apprenticeship programs include:
Information Assurance Specialist
New job opportunities are very likely in the future.