In the Air Force:
Computer Systems Programming; Cyber Defense Operations Apprentice; Cyber Defense Operations Craftsman, Networks; Cyber Defense Operations Helper, RF (USSF use only); Cyber Defense Operations Journeyman, Systems; Cyber Surety Journeyman; Cyber Warfare Operations; Developmental Engineer, ABM; Developmental Engineer, Computer Systems; Developmental Engineer, Mechanical; Developmental Engineer, Trainer
In the Army:
Cyber Network Defender; Health Services Systems Management; Information Protection Technician; Information Systems Technician; Information Technology Specialist; Network Systems Engineering; Network Systems Technician; Senior Signal Operations; Senior Signal Warrant Officer; Signal Operations
In the Marine Corps:
Aviation Logistics Information Management System (ALIMS) Specialist; Basic Information Operations Staff Officer; Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) Officer; Communications Chief; Data Systems Administrator; Data Systems Chief; Data Systems Engineering Officer; Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems Engineer; Signals Intelligence/Electronic Warfare/Cyberspace Operations Technician
In the Navy:
Computer Network Capability Development; Cryptologic Systems Maintenance Director; Cryptologic Technician Maintenance; Fire Controlman (AEGIS); Information Management Officer; Information Systems Technician; Information Systems Technician Submarines; Information Technology Manager Submarines; Management Information Systems Officer; Technical Electronic Intelligence Analyst
Almost all organizations rely on efficiently organized computer networks to accomplish day-to-day business. Computer network architects design those networks, and computer systems engineers run them. Computer network architects create plans and layouts for data communication networks, ranging from building small connections between two offices to accessing the vast networking capabilities of cloud computing that connects customers around the globe. Network architects develop a deep understanding of a business’ plans in order to design networks to best suit their current and future needs. They analyze the organization’s data traffic, and work with chief technology officers and hardware engineers to predict future demand, and determine where to build new networks. Computer systems engineers implement the network architects’ designs, and solve the complex problems involved in the day-to-day operations of networks. They frequently test system operations, identify security risks, and research new products or processes that will improve system function. Network architects need to be effective leaders, and both roles require strong communication and teamwork skills. Work schedules are often more than 40 hours a week. Network architects and computer systems engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field, along with several years’ experience working with information technology systems. A master’s of business administration in information systems is needed for some network architect positions.
What they do:
Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning, including analysis of capacity needs for network infrastructures. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.
On the job, you would:
Develop or recommend network security measures, such as firewalls, network security audits, or automated security probes.
Develop disaster recovery plans.
Monitor and analyze network performance and reports on data input or output to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning.
Engineering and Technology
computers and electronics
product and service development
Arts and Humanities
Math and Science
arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem
listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it
listen and understand what people say
read and understand what is written
Ideas and Logic
order or arrange things
use rules to solve problems
choose the right type of math to solve a problem
People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
Attention to Detail
You might use software like this on the job:
Web platform development software
Microsoft ASP.NET Core MVC
Video conferencing software
Cisco Systems Webex
Network monitoring software
master's degree or bachelor's degree usually needed