Building with materials that are both beautiful and sturdy, masonry workers create structures that last. Masonry workers, also known as masons, use weatherproof bricks, stones, and concrete to build new homes and buildings, and to maintain the historic structures we want to preserve. Masons specialize in different materials and structures: Brickmasons and blockmasons build and repair walls, chimneys, and other structures. Some specialize in brickwork for industrial facilities that can tolerate intensely high temperatures. Cement masons and concrete finishers lay walls and sidewalks, and form the pieces that make up heavily-used roads and buildings. Segmental pavers install interlocking brick walkways, patios, and walls. Stonemasons carefully cut and select stone to create patterns as they build walls, unique fireplaces, and building exteriors. Terrazzo workers add fine marble chips into the finish of cement or resin to create decorative walkways and floors. Masonry work is fast paced and strenuous. It includes heavy lifting, using sharp tools, and working from scaffolds. In addition to strength and stamina, masons need the ability to see subtle color variations and envision how stones will fit together to build attractive and stable structures. Work hours are generally full time, with some overtime to meet deadlines. Cold or rainy weather can stop work. After completing a high school education, most masons learn on the job or through a 3- to 4-year apprenticeship.
What they do:
Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.
On the job, you would:
Lay out wall patterns or foundations, using straight edge, rule, or staked lines.
Shape, trim, face and cut marble or stone preparatory to setting, using power saws, cutting equipment, and hand tools.
Set vertical and horizontal alignment of structures, using plumb bob, gauge line, and level.
Math and Science
arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
Engineering and Technology
building and construction
Safety and Government
public safety and security
Education and Training
teaching and course design
thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem
figuring out how to use new ideas or things
noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
changing what is done based on other people's actions
understanding people's reactions
exercise for a long time without getting out of breath
Hand and Finger Use
keep your arm or hand steady
hold or move items with your hands
lift, push, pull, or carry
use your lower back and stomach
Ideas and Logic
notice when problems happen
People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions.
They do well at jobs that need:
You might use software like this on the job:
Analytical or scientific software
Gregg Software Gregg Rock-It
ProEst Software ProEst Estimating
no high school diploma/GED or high school diploma/GED usually needed
New job opportunities are less likely in the future.