Job Zone Five
post-doctoral training or
doctoral degree
usually needed

Extensive job preparation is needed for preventive medicine physicians.


Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these careers. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.


Employees may need some on-the-job training. However, the person will usually have the needed skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and training before starting the job.

Job Zone Five

Different careers need different amounts of preparation. Each O*NET career is in one of five Job Zones, which are groups of careers that need the same level of experience, education, and training. Explore more careers in Job Zone Five.