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Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

Also called: Consultant, Industrial Psychologist, Industrial/Organizational Psychologist (I/O Psychologist), Organizational Psychologist

Where in the military? In the military: see titles from the Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, or Navy.

What they do:
Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.
On the job, you would:
  • Formulate and implement training programs, applying principles of learning and individual differences.
  • Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems, group interactions, morale, and motivation to assess organizational functioning.
  • Conduct presentations on research findings for clients and at research meetings.


Math and Science
  • psychology
  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
  • human resources (HR)
  • management
Arts and Humanities
  • English language
Education and Training
  • teaching and course design


Basic Skills
  • listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
  • reading work related information
Problem Solving
  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
  • thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
  • figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it


  • communicate by speaking
  • communicate by writing
Ideas and Logic
  • make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
  • notice when problems happen
  • choose the right type of math to solve a problem
  • add, subtract, multiply, or divide


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Initiative
  • Integrity
  • Dependability
  • Achievement/Effort
  • Leadership


You might use software like this on the job:

Analytical or scientific software
  • SAS software
  • Scientific Software International TESTFACT
Spreadsheet software
  • Microsoft Excel
Electronic mail software
  • Microsoft Outlook


Education: (rated 5 of 5)
doctoral degree or
master's degree
usually needed

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Job Outlook

Bright Outlook
New job opportunities are very likely in the future.
per year, on average
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See more details at O*NET OnLine about industrial-organizational psychologists.