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Also called: Research and Development Manager (R&D Manager), Research Associate, Research Scientist, Research Specialist

What they do:
Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.
On the job, you would:
  • Analyze and interpret data to increase the understanding of human social behavior.
  • Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.
  • Prepare publications and reports containing research findings.


Math and Science
  • sociology and anthropology
  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics
Arts and Humanities
  • English language
  • history and archeology
Education and Training
  • teaching and course design
Engineering and Technology
  • computers and electronics


Basic Skills
  • reading work related information
  • listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
Problem Solving
  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
  • understanding people's reactions
  • teaching people how to do something


  • communicate by speaking
  • read and understand what is written
Ideas and Logic
  • use rules to solve problems
  • make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Achievement/Effort
  • Persistence
  • Integrity
  • Initiative
  • Independence


You might use software like this on the job:

Analytical or scientific software
  • SAS software Hot Technology
  • SPSS software Hot Technology
Data base user interface and query software
  • Data entry software Hot Technology
  • Microsoft Access Hot Technology
Graphics or photo imaging software
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software Hot Technology
  • Microsoft Visio Hot Technology


Education: (rated 5 of 5)
doctoral degree or
master's degree
usually needed

Get started on your career:

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Job Outlook

Below Average Outlook
New job opportunities are less likely in the future.
per year, on average
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See more details at O*NET OnLine about sociologists.