earth information technical report geology investigative process application resource management environmental data land use

Geologist, Geophysicist, Geoscientist, Project Geologist

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Astronaut; Space Operations; Space Operations, Airlift; Space Operations, C2ISREW; Space Operations, General; Space Operations, Orbital Warfare; Space Operations, Space Access and Sustainment; Space Operations, Space Electronic Warfare; Space Operations, Tanker; Weather and Environmental Sciences
Army Astronaut; Space Operations
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Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) Services Officer; METOC Analyst Forecaster; Space Operations Officer; Space Operations Staff Officer
CWO - Oceanography Warrant Officer; Geospatial Information and Services (GIandS) Officer; Maritime Space Planner; Master Meteorological And Oceanographic (Metoc) Forecaster; Meteorological And Oceanographic (Metoc) Forecaster; Meteorology and Oceanography Watch Officer; RL - Special Duty Officer (Oceanography); Space Acquisition Officer; Space Projects Technologist; Space Requirements Analyst
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What they do:
Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, and oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.
On the job, you would:
  • Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application.
  • Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software.
  • Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains.


Math and Science

  • geography
  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics

Arts and Humanities

  • English language

Engineering and Technology

  • computers and electronics
  • product and service development

Education and Training

  • teaching and course design


Basic Skills

  • reading work related information
  • talking to others

Problem Solving

  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it

People and Technology Systems

  • thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
  • figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it



  • read and understand what is written
  • communicate by speaking

Ideas and Logic

  • make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
  • group things in different ways


  • choose the right type of math to solve a problem
  • add, subtract, multiply, or divide

Visual Understanding

  • see hidden patterns


People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.

They do well at jobs that need:

  • Analytical Thinking
  • Integrity
  • Attention to Detail
  • Persistence
  • Initiative
  • Cooperation


You might use software like this on the job:

Analytical or scientific software

  • Gemcom Surpac
  • The MathWorks MATLAB Hot Technology

Presentation software

  • Microsoft PowerPoint Hot Technology In Demand

Map creation software

  • Mapping software


Education: (rated 5 of 5)
master's degree or
bachelor's degree
usually needed

Get started on your career:

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Job Outlook

New job opportunities are very likely in the future.
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See more details at O*NET OnLine about geoscientists.