Obstetricians & Gynecologists
Also called: Medical Doctor (MD), OB/GYN (Obstetrician / Gynecologist), Obstetrician/Gynecologist (OB/GYN), Physician
Produced by CareerOneStop
Video transcript: skip transcript
Doctors who specialize in medical care related to a woman’s reproductive system are called OB/GYNs, short for obstetricians and gynecologists. While OB/GYNs may provide both types of care, obstetricians focus on pregnancy and delivery, and gynecologists specialize in diagnosing and treating issues related to women's reproductive health. OB/GYNs care for women during pregnancy, giving advice and performing tests such as ultrasounds and fetal heart rate monitoring to check on the health of the developing fetus and the mother. Obstetricians perform the delivery, and if necessary perform a surgical caesarean section. Since every birth is different and changes happen quickly, critical thinking and the ability to handle stressful conditions are important. OB/GYNs also care for women at all stages of life. They diagnose and treat conditions related to the reproductive system, such as performing screening exams, offering birth control counseling, and preventing infections. Most OB/GYNs perform surgery, and often consult with other healthcare professionals. OB/GYNS work in outpatient clinics and hospitals. They may specialize in an area such as infertility, cancer, or high-risk pregnancy. Work schedules are often more than 40 hours per week, along with emergency deliveries that occur at any hour. Education requirements include completing medical school, followed by 4 years of residency training. Specialists spend an additional 1-4 years in training.
What they do:Provide medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth. Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general care to women. May perform both medical and gynecological surgery functions.
On the job, you would:
- Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical histories, reports, or examination results.
- Treat diseases of female organs.
- Care for and treat women during prenatal, natal, and postnatal periods.
- medicine and dentistry
- therapy and counseling
Arts and Humanities
- English language
Math and Science
- customer service
- thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem
- listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
- noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
People and Technology Systems
- thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one
- figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it
- listen and understand what people say
- communicate by speaking
Ideas and Logic
- notice when problems happen
- make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
Hand and Finger Use
- keep your arm or hand steady
- hold or move items with your hands
People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.
They do well at jobs that need:
- Attention to Detail
- Stress Tolerance
- Concern for Others
You might use software like this on the job:
Electronic mail software
- Email software
- Emergency Medicine Physicians
- General Internal Medicine Physicians
- Pediatric Surgeons
- Pediatricians, General
You might like a career in one of these industries: