Architectural & Civil Drafters

computer data drawing design architecture realistic interests specification software graphical representation method of presentation

Architectural Drafter, Civil Drafter, Computer-Aided Drafting Designer (CAD Designer), Draftsman

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What they do:
Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.
On the job, you would:
  • Produce drawings, using computer-assisted drafting systems (CAD) or drafting machines, or by hand, using compasses, dividers, protractors, triangles, and other drafting devices.
  • Draft plans and detailed drawings for structures, installations, and construction projects, such as highways, sewage disposal systems, and dikes, working from sketches or notes.
  • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.


Engineering and Technology

  • design
  • building and construction

Arts and Humanities

  • English language

Math and Science

  • arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics

Safety and Government

  • public safety and security


Basic Skills

  • listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
  • thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem

Problem Solving

  • noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it



  • listen and understand what people say
  • read and understand what is written

Ideas and Logic

  • notice when problems happen
  • order or arrange things


  • choose the right type of math to solve a problem
  • add, subtract, multiply, or divide


People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions.

They do well at jobs that need:

  • Attention to Detail
  • Dependability
  • Cooperation
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Adaptability/Flexibility
  • Independence


You might use software like this on the job:

Computer aided design CAD software

  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D Hot Technology In Demand
  • Trimble SketchUp Pro Hot Technology

Presentation software

  • Microsoft PowerPoint Hot Technology

Graphics or photo imaging software

  • Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects Hot Technology
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator Hot Technology


Education: (rated 3 of 5)

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Job Outlook

Below Average
New job opportunities are less likely in the future.
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