In the Air Force:
Clinical Psychologist; Clinical Psychologist, Child and Adolescent Psychologist; Clinical Psychologist, Health Psychologist; Clinical Social Worker; Mental Health Service Apprentice; Mental Health Service Helper; Mental Health Service Superintendent; Psychiatrist, Forensic Psychiatry; Religious Affairs Apprentice; Religious Affairs Helper
In the Army:
Aeromedical Evacuation; Behavioral Health Specialist; Clinical Psychology; Health Services; Medical Service Corps Officer; Nurse Corps Officer; Pharmacy; Preventive Medicine Sciences; Psychiatric/Behavioral Health Nurse; Research Psychology; Social Work
In the Navy:
Clinical Psychologist; Navy Counselor (Counselor); Navy Counselor (Recruiter); Religious Program Specialist
Helping people succeed in school and personal life is the work of clinical, counseling, and school psychologists. Clinical psychologists help people resolve short-term personal issues or cope with severe, chronic mental illness. They start by assessing and diagnosing a person’s condition, then choose the most effective treatment to offer— whether it’s individual, family, or group psychotherapy, or a behavior modification program. Clinical psychologists may specialize in working with a certain age group, or in treating certain types of disorders. Counseling psychologists help their clients deal with issues at home, in their career, at school, or in their communities. After interviewing clients and gathering their history, a counseling psychologist works to help them understand the underlying dynamics of problems in their lives, identify coping strategies, set goals, and create an action plan to meet them. They work with families, groups, and individuals. School psychologists help students succeed in their personal development and at school. They may diagnose learning or behavior issues, and design performance plans to help students thrive. School psychologists counsel students and families, and also work with teachers and school staff to improve teaching, learning, and administrative methods. School psychologists need an advanced degree, usually the education specialist degree, and certification or licensure. Some school psychologists have a master’s or doctoral degree in school psychology. Most clinical and counseling psychologists need a doctorate in psychology, an internship, and a period of supervised professional experience. They must also pass a national exam.
What they do:
Assess, diagnose, and treat mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests. Help individuals with distress or maladjustment understand their problems through their knowledge of case history, interviews with patients, and theory. Provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May design behavior modification programs and consult with medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients.
On the job, you would:
Collect information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.
Counsel individuals, groups, or families to help them understand problems, deal with crisis situations, define goals, and develop realistic action plans.
Document patient information including session notes, progress notes, recommendations, and treatment plans.
Math and Science
sociology and anthropology
therapy and counseling
Arts and Humanities
listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions
talking to others
noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it
understanding people's reactions
looking for ways to help people
listen and understand what people say
communicate by speaking
Ideas and Logic
notice when problems happen
make general rules or come up with answers from lots of detailed information
People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.